语法讲解

英语中的副词介绍,lovingly还是lovely ?

来源:小强英语学习网发布日期:2019-07-15阅读数:1902

lovely可爱的 虽然是ly结尾,但是形容词。而 lovingly 亲切地 是副词。

She spoke to the child lovingly.(不能用lovely)

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副词一般由形容词后面加ly,

比如:   slow-> slowly,  interesting -> interestingly.

如果形容词由y结尾,则y要变i再加ly ,比如: happy-> happily

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 有些副词并不是以ly结尾。比如:

good -> well , 下面这些,和形容词一样。fast -> fast,还有 hard, early, late, far, long, short, straight, fine等

注意hard 和 hardly都可以是副词,但意义不一样。

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 有些单词以ly结尾,但是并不是副词,而是形容词。比如: lovely, friendly, lonely, orderly, silly , lively , deadly,  timely.

你不能把这些形容词变成副词。但可以加上 way / manner / fashion来描述一个动作。

比如: She was lovely. -> She welcomed us in a lovely way/manner/fashion.

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有些单词以ly结尾,可以是形容词,也可以是副词。比如: weekly, monthly, daily, yearly.

 It's a weekly magazine. -> I receive it weekly.

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有一些口语里,有时用形容词来代替instead of 副词。比如:

That was real nice.
Come quick!
The computer is running slow today.
He doesn't speak loud enogh.

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 在linking or sense verbs时,要接形容词,而不是副词。具体请看>

比如: The situation seemed unusual.

Your garden looks beautiful.

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不能用形容词来修饰一个动词,或一个形容词或一个副词。

He sings well. (不能用good)

He's a wonderfully good singer, (不能用 wonderful修饰good)

He sings incredibly well. (不能用 incredible 修饰 well)

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加不加ly,都是副词,但意义不一样。

比如hard, hardly, short, shortly, late, lately.

 I hardly know hime. = I don't really know him.  (  hardly = almost no 几乎不 )
He's a hard worker. -> He works hard.

 

 I haven't seen her lately(最近). = I haven't seen her recently.
The bus was late. -> I arrived home late.

I'll call you back shortly(不久). = I'll call you back soon.
It was a short speech. | He cut his speech short.

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英语副词的语法