语法讲解

英语学习中,倒装句的用法详解!

来源:小强英语学习网发布日期:2019-02-27阅读数:1995

学习英语,重要的一点是结构。

因为现在中文里是没有倒装的,而英语里有。这还只是一方面。有些名词和形容词后会有一块尾巴,也可以理解为是一种倒的结构(不一定叫倒装),反正就是和中文不一样。

比如我们说

他是一个什么样的人。

而英语而会说:他是一个人,再加上 什么什么人。 这种结构常常出现,表现形式为非谓语短语,或从句,介词短语等。

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而下面内容,只是语法书上说的倒装。

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英语倒装句在英语语法学习中很重要,对于中学生,大学生和研究生更是不言而喻。接下来详谈一下倒装句的用法,希望对大家有所帮助。

大学在英语中,主语和谓语的语序通常是主语在前,谓语在后。但有时谓语的全部或者一本分,通常是助动词或情态动词,却提到主语的前面,这种语序叫“倒装”。倒装的原因,一是语法结构的需要,一是为了强调。

英语中常见的倒装:

1. 在疑问句中。
Did you had your hair cut yesterday?

2. 在there be 结构中。
There are several students in the classroom.

3. 直接引语的一部分或全部放在句首时,有时也用倒装。
“ Build up your self-confidence.” said the teacher.

4. 在表示方向,地点的副词或某些介词词组开头的里,如there, here, out, in, up, down, away, in front of等,以示强调。
On the top of the hill stands an old temple.
Away flew the bird.
Out rushed the pupils.
但主语是人称代词时,主语和谓语的语序不变。
Here it is.
Away he went.


5. 含有否定意义的副词或连词,如never, not, not only, little, seldom, hardly等,放在句首时。

Not only am l out-going and active, but also enthusiastic and optimistic.
Never will he forget the first day to go to school.
Hardly had I got out of the house when it began to rain.

 
6. Only 所修饰的副词,介词短语或状语从句放在句首时。
Only in this way can you have a good command of a foreign language.
Only if you put your mind into something can you get the best result of it.

7. So , neither, nor引起的句子,表示前面的情况也适用于另一个人或事物时。
His parents have gone abroad. So has he.
George doesn’t like animals and neither does his sister.

8. 在so/ such...that结构中,so和such 放在句首时。
So absorbed was he in the novel that he didn’t notice his father at the door.

So proud was he that he never listened to any advice.

9. 在表示祝愿的句子中。
May you succeed!

Long live the PRC!

10. 虚拟条件从句省去if时。
Had Mark invited me, I would have been glad to come.
= If Mark had invited me, I would have been glad to come.